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IMPACT RUBELLA FOR PREGNANCY

IMPACT RUBELLA FOR PREGNANCY
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What is Rubella ?
Rubella also known as German Measles and tree day measles. It is dengerous for pregnant woman if infected by Rubella, so every woman who want to get pregnant should do blood test to know about Rubella infection in her body. Rubella is very contagious disease but it could be preventable with vaccine. Rubella have ability to harm the unborn baby. The infection can couse stillbirth, miscarriage, or serious birth defects.

How Can Pregnant Woman Get Rubella?
Rubella is caused by rubella virus. Rubella is contagious disease, so the person can get rubella from breathing in droplets that get into the air which infected person coughs, talk or sneezes. Rubella can also spread by direct contact with fluids from the nose or throat of an infected person.

What is Congenital Rubella Syndrome?
CRS is the name given to the condition that affects infants infected by the rubella virus through their mother during pregnancy. Common manifestations of CRS include:

  • Deafness - the most common abnormality.
  • Eye problems - cataracts, glaucoma.
  • Congenital heart disease.
  • Mental retardation - may not be apparent up to 2-4 year after birth.

The severity and risk of the effects of the rubella virus during pregnancy on the unborn child depend on the time during pregnancy when the rubella infection occurs. 85% of all infants infected in the first trimester (the first three months of pregnancy) will be affected after birth. It is important to note that even a seemingly inapparent infection of the mother will result in a birth defect.

Infants with CRS may be able to infect others with the rubella virus for up to 1 year after birth. This poses containment problems for those caring for the child as unless they are immune to the disease they may contract rubella from the infant.

How is CRS Prevented?
We can prevent the devastating effects of Rubella (CRS) by two ways on both the mother and the unborn child:

  1. Make sure that all women are immune before pregnancy - this protects the mother and the unborn child from the disease.
  2. Immunize all children, this protects the children themselves but it also prevents the spread of the disease. Community vaccination programs are the key to controlling rubella.

Rubella Immunity and Pregnancy
Pregnant woman should do blood test for rubella immunity as part of the "prenatal blood tests". When the patient discover lacks immunity, it is recommend vaccination when they are not pregnant. After the following vaccination, one waits 3 months to assure that the vaccine does not affect an early pregnancy.

Rubellia is a childhood illness that can be very mild in its symptoms to very obvious with rash and fever.A person is infectious for a few days before the disease is fully declared. When a woman in the first 3 months of pregnancy contracts rubella, the impaired development leaves the child severely damaged (blindness, deafness, heart defects, facial deformities)in at least one-half of babies.

Symptoms of Rubella
The symptoms of Rubella will show up only two to three weeks after exposure and include slight fever, swollen glands and a mild rash. Sometimes the symptoms of Rubella may unnoticed.

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