BATHING OUR NEWBORN BABY
Our new born baby skin are very sensitive. Because the baby always in the baby
box or babies room, usually the baby not get very dirty. By wiping down the
baby with cotton wool and drabble with water is often sufficient cleaning. After
a few days, the baby can be immersed in water for a full bath.
Bathe your baby in a plastic baby bath and use only mild soaps and cleansers.
Once a baby can sit up by themselves (at about seven months), you can move on
to a proper bath. The key to bathing a baby is preparation. Have everything
you need at hand and never leave your baby unattended in a bath. Set the bath
at about waist height to avoid hurting your back. Putting a rubber mat in the
bottom of the bath will make it less slippery and will give your baby more grip.
You should support your baby's back and shoulders with one hand the entire time.
Be gentle and avoid getting water on the face. Take care to ensure that the
bath water remains warm. Wash the cleanest parts of your baby first and the
dirtiest parts last. This will reduce the risk of transferring germs from one
part of your baby's body to another.
Bathing your baby
You will need a baby bath with a textured non-slip base, a waterproof apron
with plastic backing, mild baby toiletries, a small bowl of cooled-down boiled
water, cotton wool, large, soft towels, a sponge or soft flannel and a clean
nappy and clothes.
While you are using a portable bath to wash your baby, the bathing can take
place in any room. Make sure the room is sufficiently warm and that the bath
is well supported on a waterproof surface away from any draughts. A baby has
very sensitive skin. The bath water should be pleasantly warm but not hot. Test
it with your elbow. Use a thermometer if you're not sure; it should read 30
degrees C (86 degrees F).
- Remove your baby's nappy and all the clothes down to the vest/singlet.
Sit down near the bath and cover your lap with a towel. You may want to put
a spare nappy under your baby's bottom to protect your clothes in case of
- Gently stretch the neck of the vest/singlet over your baby's face and remove
it. Wrap the towel around your baby to maintain warmth.
- Using clean cotton wool and cooled-down boiled water for a young baby,
clean around the eyes and mouth. For an older baby a washcloth and plain water
may be used. If you want to shampoo the hair, do so before putting the baby
into the bath.
- Unwrap your baby and supporting the bottom half with one hand and the shoulders
and head with the other, lower the baby into the bath, bottom first.
- Support your baby in an upright position while gently splashing water onto
the chest and stomach.
- Sit your baby up, holding under the armpit and supporting the chest across
your arm. Rinse the upper back and the back of the neck with your other hand.
- Still supporting your baby across the chest, turn them to face down, keeping
their face clear of the water. Rinse the lower back.
- Keep one hand firmly under the shoulders and upper back, while sliding the
other under the baby's buttocks. Rotate the baby gently towards you so that
they face upwards as you lift them out of the bath.
- As soon as you take your baby out of the bath wrap them in a warm towel.
Gently fold one side over them, taking care not to cover the face.
- Fold both sides over so that the baby is completely wrapped up. Gently
pat your baby dry. Pay particular attention to the skin creases around the
legs, the nappy area, under the arms and around the neck.
- Begin to put on the clothes, keeping all exposed parts covered with the
towel. This will help maintain warmth. Use a fresh, clean towel for each bath.
Some parents prefer to soap their baby before putting them into the bath. Others
put liquid baby soap in the bath water. Have an opened towel ready on the changing
surface, so that you can place your baby on it as soon as you lift them from
the bath. It is a good idea to reserve towels for your baby's exclusive use.
Before you dress your baby make sure that all the skin creases, particularly
those in the thigh area, are dry. If moisture is left it can cause soreness
and irritation. Dampness may cause nappy rash. If you are going to use baby
powder, shake it onto your hands first so that your baby does not inhale any;
do not use any on the nappy area. Excessive dryness must be avoided. Baby oil
in the bath water, or baby lotion for delicate areas, will protect the baby's
sensitive skin. Remember to always pat your baby dry, rather than rubbing.
Cleaning a newborn Baby :
A simple wipe-over is all a newborn usually requires. Use a clean cotton wool
pad for every wipe. Use cooled-down boiled water instead of tap water, as you
will be cleaning the baby's eyes. Do not use talcum powder or soap as they may
dry the newborn's skin. Avoid cleaning inside the baby's nose or ears. These
inner surfaces are lined with mucous membranes which clean themselves.
- Wet cotton wool with sterile water. Wipe from the inner to the outer eye.
Use fresh cotton wool for the other eye. Wipe around and behind the ears,
but not inside.
- With fresh cotton wool, wipe the baby's neck creases to remove any dried
sweat or dirt. Gently lift each arm and wipe the armpit area. Pat dry with
a soft towel.
- Use cotton wool to wipe the hands. Unclench them to check for sharp fingernails
and dirt between the fingers. Pat dry with a soft towel or cloth.
- Wipe the top and bottom of the feet, and between the toes. Pat dry with
Cleaning a boy baby:
If your baby is circumcised, watch carefully for any signs of infection. Until
healing is complete, avoid getting the circumcised penis wet. When cleaning
an uncircumcised baby, never pull back the foreskin as it is very tight and
may get damaged. It is enough to simply clean the surface creases.
After removing the nappy, separate the baby's legs. Using moist cotton wool,
wipe the folds of skin between his tummy and leg. With fresh cotton wool, clean
the penis. Wipe downwards, away from his body. Make sure to clean around the
testicles. It is important to clean his legs as there may be traces of urine
on them. Hold the baby's ankles with one hand and lift him until his bottom
is raised off the surface. Using clean, moist cotton wool, wipe the backs of
his thighs and his bottom.
Cleaning a girl baby:
Don't try to clean inside your baby girl's vulva, as it is unlikely to contain
a lot of dirt. Opening up the folds may introduce infection. Always wipe from
front to back to avoid spreading bacteria from the anus to the vagina. Use fresh
cotton wool for each swipe.
Moisten clean cotton wool in cooled-down boiled water and wipe all over her
tummy (after the umbilical cord area has healed, plain water may be used). With
fresh cotton wool, clean the folds of her legs. Wipe firmly downwards and away
from her body. While holding her ankles with one hand, gently lift her legs
so the vulva is exposed. Use fresh moist cotton wool to clean the outer lips
of her genital area. Always wipe downwards. Still keeping her bottom raised,
take fresh moistened cotton wool and wipe her bottom clean. Make sure you also
clean the backs of her thighs and up her back.