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KIND OF IMPORANTANT BABY VACCINES TYPE
Immunizations protect your baby against many dangerous childhood diseases.
Your pediatrician will advise you when to schedule appointments for your baby's
vaccinations. Here's what you should know about your baby's vaccines
Early childhood immunizations are an important safe-guard against serious illnesses
for your baby. In fact, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), The American
Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), and the Advisory Committee on Immunization
Practices (ACIP) recommend that children be immunized against eleven different
diseases during the first two years. While it may be difficult to hear baby
cry when she gets a shot, remember the pain only lasts seconds but the benefits
will last a lifetime. Here is a brief rundown of each of the vaccines your baby
- Hepatitis B vaccine
Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver that's caused by a virus and can
result in liver damage or failure. Some babies can develop Hepatitis B if
their mothers are infected with it before or during pregnancy. If mom tests
positive for Hepatitis B or her status is unknown, baby may be given the vaccine
in the hospital right after birth. If baby doesn't receive the vaccine in
the hospital, this vaccination should be given within the first 2 months.
Two additional doses also are recommended within baby's first year.
- Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccine
This vaccine protects against three diseases -- diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis
or whooping cough:
- Diphtheria is a serious infectious disease caused by bacteria
that produce toxins which inflame the nervous system and heart and can
result in heart failure and paralysis.
- Tetanus results from bacteria that grow in wounds and that
produce a toxin which affects the nervous system and causes muscle spasms
and paralysis, especially in the jaw area. It's also called lockjaw.
- Pertussis or whooping cough, another infectious disease caused
by bacteria, is especially dangerous for babies under the age of 1. It's
most well-known symptom is a debilitating racking cough.
This vaccine comes in two forms -- the DTP form, which includes diphtheria,
tetanus, and whole cell pertussis vaccines, and the DTaP form, which includes
diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccines. In 1997, the American
Academy of Pediatrics began recommending the DTaP vaccine as the preferred
form of the vaccine because it's less likely to cause a reaction in baby.
The vaccine should be given in five doses at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months,
around 18 months, and before your child enters school, between 4 and 6 years
of age. A sixth dose of diphtheria and tetanus vaccine is recommended between
11 and 16 years of age.
Baby may have a mild reaction to this vaccine including a slight fever
(under 102 degrees F), fussiness, and redness in the thigh area where the
shot is given. These symptoms typically last up to 2 days and your baby's
doctor may suggest giving baby acetaminophen to your child to ease the fever.
- Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) vaccine
Haemophilus influenzae type B isn't the viral infection that everybody calls
the flu. Instead, it's a fast-moving bacterial infection that can cause baby
to have ear and bronchial infections. HIB also can lead to meningitis in children
under the age of 2, so it is important that you protect your child with three
doses of the HIB vaccine during the first year -- at age 2 months, 4 months,
and 6 months. Experts also recommend that a fourth dose be given before your
child's second birthday.
- Polio vaccine
Polio, short for poliomyelitis, is a serious viral disease that starts with
a fever and can lead to paralysis, muscle atrophy, and permanent disability.
In its most severe forms, polio can cause death. Polio vaccine comes in two
forms, IPV (inactivated polio vaccine) which is given by injection and OPV
(oral polio vaccine) which is given by mouth. The American Academy of Pediatrics
recommends giving the vaccine at 2 months, 4 months, 12 to 18 months, and
between 4 and 6 years of age. You and your baby's doctor can decide whether
a schedule of all-OPV, all-IPV, or a combination of both forms is best for
- Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR)
This vaccine provides coverage for three diseases in a single shot -- measles,
mumps, and rubella or German measles:
- Measles is a viral infection that causes distinctive red spots
and is characterized by cold-like symptoms and a high fever.
- Mumps is an infectious viral disease that results in swelling
of the parotid gland that's just in front of the ear and the salivary
glands. The swelling can occur on the sides of one or both cheeks. Mumps
usually is accompanied by a fever and pain when the patient opens his
mouth or eats.
- Rubella or German measles is similar to measles in that it's
a viral infection that results in a fever, swollen glands, and a rash.
The first MMR vaccine is usually given when baby is between 12 and 15 months
and seldom has any serious side effects. The second shot (booster) is recommended
between 4 to 6 years of age. Baby, however, may be more sleepy than usual
and have a mild rash, slight fever, or slight swelling in the neck or diaper
- Varicella vaccine
This vaccine protects against chicken pox, a viral infection which is highly
contagious and results in a blisterlike rash that's very itchy. The American
Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all children receive the varicella vaccine
between the ages of 12 and 18 months. A second dose also is recommended at
between 11 and 12 years of age.
(by Editors of Your Baby Today - Baby.TopResource.NET Reference)
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